|Basic Organizational Capacity
- The program provides Indigenous representative organizations with core capacity funding to support core operations and salaries within their organizations. These organizations are instrumental in advancing Indigenous self-determination and strengthening Crown-Indigenous relationships based on respect, cooperation, partnership, and recognition of rights.
- The program does not directly support a specific pillar or goal under the Gender Results Framework, as funds are used to support day-to-day operations of Indigenous representative organizations. It is not within the scope of the program to require core capacity funding to be allocated based on gender and diversity considerations.
- However, the program does have direct impacts on Indigenous men, women, and gender-diverse people, including First Nation, Inuit and Métis peoples. This is because Basic Organizational Capacity funding is allocated to national and regional Indigenous organizations inclusive of all genders and Indigenous distinctions to ensure that diverse Indigenous voices are heard on issues that affect them. The program also has indirect impacts on First Nations, Inuit and Métis women, because of the 50 recognized organizations eligible for funds, there are 4 organizations that specifically serve Indigenous women, and additional Indigenous representative organizations have women's councils that serve the interest of women members and citizens.
- The program review to be initiated in 2022–23 will be conducted taking into account an intersectional lens and GBA Plus considerations.
|Consultation and Accommodation
- In order to reduce the reporting burden for Indigenous communities, tracking the impacts of GBA Plus is encouraged within the existing reporting structure for Indigenous peoples. For federally-based activities related to consultation and accommodation such as networks, workshops, conferences, and training, GBA Plus impacts will be discussed and/or monitored through data collection and survey/evaluation processes, where applicable.
|Consultation and Policy Development
- The program provides funds to Indigenous Representative Organizations, including First Nation and Inuit Indigenous Women's Organizations, so that they can participate as meaningful interlocutors in engagement efforts with the federal government to co-develop policies, programs and partnerships.
- The program has direct impacts on First Nations and Inuit men, women, and gender-diverse people as it supports advocacy and leadership capacity of Indigenous Representative Organizations so they can be meaningful players in advancing Indigenous self-determination. It has indirect benefits for First Nations and Inuit women, as 2 National Indigenous Women's Organizations are recipients of this program as well as some 2SLGBTQQIA+ organizations, and additional Indigenous Representative Organizations have women and 2SLGBTQQIA+ councils that also serve the interest of women and gender-diverse members and citizens.
- The program supports the Gender Results Framework pillar of Leadership and Democratic Participation with the goal of greater representation of women and underrepresented groups in elected office and ministerial positions in national and sub-national governments.
|Federal Interlocutor's Contribution Program
- The program addresses a unique Indigenous demographic of Métis and Non-Status Indians and has direct and indirect impacts on Indigenous women, men and gender-diverse peoples, including Métis, off-reserve, Non-Status, urban, rural and remote populations. It funds support for the governance and policy development goals of Indigenous peoples off-reserve, Métis and Non-Status Indian organizations and communities in order to improve the quality of life of their community members and citizens, and ensure that their diverse voices are heard.
- The program supports the Gender Results Framework pillar of Leadership and Democratic Participation with the goal of greater representation of women and underrepresented groups in elected office, and the pillar of Poverty Reduction, Health and Well-being with the goal of fewer vulnerable individuals living in poverty.
- Baseline data collected through the development and implementation of long-term work plans with partner organizations and communities will assist in measuring and tracking GBA Plus considerations.
|First Nation Jurisdiction over Land and Fiscal Management
- The regimes build on past successes and create an environment of community-level decision-making that results in increased opportunities for community and social development, supporting the governance and policy development goals of First Nations in order to improve the quality of life of their community members and citizens, and ensure that their diverse voices are heard. The program benefits diverse First Nation communities through strengthened First Nation land and fiscal governance.
- The regimes do not have direct impacts that support the pillars and goals of the Gender Results Framework. It supports First Nations assuming jurisdiction of land and fiscal management, moving away from governance models imposed by Canada, and additions to reserve/reserve creation. The regimes do not require core capacity funding to be allocated based on gender and diversity considerations, and do not collect data on individuals, only on First Nations and First Nations organizations and institutions. While the regimes encourage First Nations to share data on impacts at the community level, there are no requirements for this reporting.
- Activities under these regimes build on other successes, such as how First Nations operating under the First Nation Land Management Act address matrimonial real property through their land code, or how communities operating under First Nation Fiscal Management or First Nation Land Management experience increased potential for economic and social development along with associated benefits from greater economic opportunities. These kinds of successes are examples of community resilience, a protective factor that helps diverse groups of men and women deal more effectively with stressful events and mitigate or eliminate risks in families and communities.
|Management and Implementation of Agreements and Treaties
- The program supports Inuit, Métis and First Nations communities with modern treaties and self-government agreements. This program has direct impacts on First Nations and Inuit men, women, and gender diverse peoples as modern treaty and self-government agreement holders exercise jurisdiction and responsibilities relating to their political, economic, social and cultural development to improve, amongst other things, the socio-economic well-being of their respective populations.
- As autonomous orders of government, self-governing Indigenous governments have the authority to administer programs and services at their discretion. This program ensures that these governments are provided with consistent funding and equipped to administer programs and services that benefit their communities.
- Studies such as the Final Report of the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls (2019) have shown that colonial intervention in Indigenous communities imposed a patriarchal status quo and subjected Indigenous women to systems of oppression. Discussions with self-governing Indigenous governments suggest that self-government has increased their ability to reclaim traditional and more inclusive forms of governance. As groups have begun to exercise their inherent right of self‑determination through self-government agreements, Indigenous women are encouraged to return to their vital roles in communities.
- This program does not directly support a specific pillar or goal under the Gender Results Framework, as funds are used to support the implementation of modern treaties and self-government agreements. As such, it is not within the scope of the program to require core capacity funding to be allocated based on gender and diversity considerations.
|Negotiation of Treaties, Self-Government Agreements and other Constructive Arrangements
- This program supports Canada's commitment to the negotiation of treaties, self-government agreements and other constructive arrangements, which reconcile Indigenous rights with the sovereignty of the Crown.
- CIRNAC recognizes that, as Indigenous nations work to revitalize their traditional ways of living, GBA Plus and other diversity and inclusion principles provide an opportunity to address the unique experience of Indigenous women, 2SLGBTQQIA+ people, youth, and elders, and to help restore traditional Indigenous governance and economic structures that were disrupted by the Indian Act and other colonial structures.
- The program has direct impacts on the Gender Results Framework, particularly in support of the key area "Economic Participation and Prosperity". The program's work on self-government agreements has had positive effects in areas such as total income, labour force attachment and household incomes.
- Measures will continue to be taken to ensure that this program reflects GBA Plus perspectives in its work with Indigenous partners, and supports Indigenous communities in using intersectional approaches that could strengthen their chosen systems of governance. For example:
- Federal negotiators will ensure inclusive communication, and be mindful that colonial and patriarchal structures, as well as rhetoric, may impact the type and subject matters of negotiations.
- Canada will continue to ensure that underrepresented groups have a voice in the engagement and co-development of policies, and will encourage diverse perspectives at negotiation tables where appropriate.
- All negotiated agreements require the approval of Cabinet and therefore require a thorough GBA Plus, in line with Treasury Board Secretariat and the Women and Gender Equality Canada guidelines.
- An evaluation of the program in 2022–23 will help provide an understanding of the program's effectiveness at applying GBA to its program design and delivery. In turn, this will help CIRNAC identify new ways to implement a diverse and inclusive approach into ongoing negotiation and policy work.
- Resolution of childhood claims in a fair, compassionate and respectful manner contributes to addressing the negative consequences experienced by Indigenous people who suffered harms as children as a result of past Government policies and programs, specifically First Nations, Inuit, Métis and Non-Status individuals located across Canada, living in both urban and remote communities.
- Neither sex nor gender identity were prevalent factors in school or residential placements, or in child welfare decisions, and survivors of abuse are of both sexes and can be of any income level, sexual orientation, or level of ability. However, while there is presently no data available to determine the impacts of this initiative through an intersectional lens, existing research indicates that women and 2SLGBTQQIA+ survivors of these harmful historic programs and policies likely experience disproportionate consequences.
- Effective management and resolution of childhood claims will directly benefit Indigenous people who suffered harms as children as a result of past Government policies and programs, and will have positive impacts for Indigenous communities, including youth and future generations.
- Childhood claims will continue to apply GBA Plus considerations into policy guidance.
|Residential Schools Resolution
- The program supports the implementation of the Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement. It is accessible equally to male and female applicants and data is collected on components of implementing the Agreement.
- The program includes secure, protected and confidential data collected from recipients and adheres to all necessary legal obligations and privacy protocols and therefore does not publicly report on compensation recipient gender identification.
- Gender-based considerations are incorporated into policy guidance for program and service delivery.
- Specific claims are grievances that First Nations have against the Government of Canada for failing to discharge its lawful obligations with respect to pre-1975 treaties and the management of First Nation lands, monies and other assets. The program provides a voluntary alternative dispute resolution framework that allows the federal government to discharge its outstanding historic legal obligations to First Nations through negotiated settlements. Specific claims settlements can also provide significant resources for First Nations to invest in their self-determined socio-economic development plans and priorities.
- While the intended recipient of settlement compensation is the entire First Nation, including women, men, children and youth, elders, persons with disabilities/health issues, and persons of different genders, Canada's policy is to not interfere with how a First Nation chooses to use its settlement funds. Nor does Canada seek to ask First Nations to report on the use, access and benefits derived by the use of the settlement funds. As such, it is not within the scope of the program to identify impacts of claims negotiations or settlement agreements on individual members of the diverse groups of First Nations in Canada, to address such effects post-agreement, or to require First Nations to provide data on gender and diversity impacts.