Learn about First Nations across Canada

Take time to learn more about the rich and diverse histories, languages, cultures and experiences of different First Nations Peoples across Canada.


Content warning:

Some materials on this page contain information regarding residential schools, which some may find distressing. If you require support, please note that there are resources available. For support, consult Indian Residential Schools Resolution Health Support Program.


First Nations
The Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada provides an in-depth look at the heritage and history of First Nations across Canada.

Gwadàl' Zheii: Belongings from the Land
The Canadian Museum of History's online exhibition explores the rich cultural heritage of the Gwich'in community. This collection includes artifacts, historic and contemporary photographs, as well as oral histories and stories told by Elders.

Tom Longboat Is Cogwagee Is Everything
Library and Archives Canada highlights an Onondaga man, from Six Nations of the Grand River named Cogwagee in the Onondaga language, or Tom Longboat in English. Learn about his 1907 Boston Marathon win, death-defying service in the First World War and overall extraordinary life.

Languages and cultures

First Nations Languages and Cultures
Learn more about the Indigenous Languages Act, which support the reclamation, revitalization, maintaining and strengthening of Indigenous languages across Canada.

Baskets with a Haida weaver
Ariane Xay Kuyaas (Yaghujaanaas clan, Haida) demonstrates Haida basket-weaving techniques that were passed down from her family. Courtesy of the Canadian Museum of History.

Morning Star – Gambeh Then'
Take in Dene Suline artist, Alex Janvier's masterpiece Morning Star, painted on the ceiling of the Haida Gwaii Salon of the Canadian History Museum.

Experiences of First Nations

Assembly of First Nations – It's Our Time: The AFN Education Toolkit
This multimedia toolkit was designed to bring together First Nations and non-First Nations people to foster a spirit of cooperation, understanding and action.

Ahkameyimok Podcast with National Chief Perry Bellegarde
Former Assembly of First Nations' National Chief Perry Bellegarde leads discussions on important issues affecting First Nations Peoples.

Moment of Reckoning – Turning the Page on a Dark Chapter of Our Shared History
Former residential school students discuss their personal experiences with Indian residential schools and the steps toward reconciliation.

Continue learning

For more information on First Nations:

The National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation:

Join the conversation

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