Learn about First Nations across Canada

Take time to learn more about the rich and diverse histories, languages, cultures and experiences of First Nations across Canada.


Mental health support available

This page contains topics that may be distressing to some readers. If you need help, please note there are Indigenous mental health services available.


First Nations | Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada
An in-depth look at the heritage, cultures and history of First Nations.

Gwadàl' Zheii: Belongings from the Land | Canadian Museum of History
This online exhibition explores the rich cultural heritage of the Gwich'in, one of the most northerly Indigenous peoples on the North American continent. The collection includes artifacts, historic and contemporary photographs, as well as oral histories and stories told by Elders.

Powwow! Ohcîwin The Origins | Red Deer Museum and Art Gallery
This virtual exhibit explores the origin of Indigenous powwows, detailing the many forms of dance styles, singing and regalia.

Heritage Minute: Tom Longboat | Historica Canada
A video on the life of Onondaga long-distance runner Gagwe:gih, whose name means "Everything." Known around the world as Tom Longboat, he was one of the most celebrated athletes of the early 20th century.

This is our Story – Virtual exhibition | Musée de la civilisation du Québec (not available in English)
A virtual exhibition that explores today's Indigenous cultures throughout Québec and their vision of the world.

Languages and cultures

Languages | Assembly of First Nations
Reports and other documents on the revitalization of First Nations languages.

Explore the importance of tradition | Canadian Museum of History
A Haida weaver demonstrates traditional basket-weaving techniques that were passed down from her family.

Morning Star – Gambeh Then' | Canadian Museum of History
Alex Janvier's masterpiece Morning Star, painted on the ceiling of the Haida Gwaii Salon of the Canadian History Museum.

Experiences of First Nations

It's Our Time Education Toolkit | Assembly of First Nations
A toolkit to help bring together First Nations and non-Indigenous people in a spirit of cooperation and understanding.

Ahkameyimok Podcast | Perry Bellegarde
Former Assembly of First Nations National Chief Perry Bellegarde leads discussions on important issues from a First Nations perspective.

Moment of Reckoning: Turning the Page on a Dark Chapter of Our Shared History | Assembly of First Nations
Former students discuss their personal experiences with residential schools and the steps toward reconciliation.

Treaties | Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada
Jocelyn Joe-Strack, a member of the Agunda/Wolf clan of the self-governing Champagne and Aishihik First Nations of southwest Yukon, shares the story of her father and his colleagues, who participated in the land claim negotiations across the Yukon.

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