Learning resources about First Nations, Inuit and Métis across Canada

Explore the history, languages, cultures, and experiences of Indigenous Peoples in Canada.


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This page contains topics that may be distressing to some readers. If you need help, please note there are Indigenous mental health services available.



Women, girls and 2SLGBTQI+ people

Indigenous Women Activists in Canada
Learn about some of the many Indigenous women activists and the important causes they fought and continue to fight for.

Timeline of Influential Indigenous women
A timeline of over 150 influential First Nations, Inuit and Métis women from 1600 to today.

Two-Spirit: The Canadian Encyclopedia
Learn about the pre-colonial and contemporary usage of the term "Two-Spirit" by Indigenous Peoples.

Women of the Nistawoyou | Digital Museums Canada
Discover how 10 exceptional matriarchs from the traditional land of Dene, Cree and Métis in the Wood Buffalo region of Alberta contributed to the vibrancy of their communities by preserving and teaching Indigenous traditions.

Red Dress Day | The Canadian Encyclopedia
Learn about Red Dress Day, also known as the National Day of Awareness for Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls and Two-Spirit People.

National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls
The Government of Canada launched an independent National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls.

Reclaiming Power and Place: The Final Report of the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls
This 2-volume report calls for legal and social changes to resolve the crisis that has devastated Indigenous communities across the country.

Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls and Ending Violence
A resource from the Assembly of First Nations on MMIWG2S+.

MMIWG2S+ National Association of Friendship Centres (NAFC)
Initiatives and additional information on MMIWG2S+ from the NAFC.

Gender-Based Violence - Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada
Full report, recommendations and resources about MMIWG2S+ and how gender-based violence affects Inuit communities.

Environment, traditional knowledge and territory

Indigenous Connections
A YouTube playlist of Indigenous Peoples sharing their homelands and traditions in collaboration with Parks Canada.

Indigenous Relations at Parks Canada
First Nations, Inuit and Métis working with Parks Canada to conserve traditional land, history, culture and traditions. Learn more about the place names and stories associated with the land.

Remarkable Indigenous Scientists and Researchers in Canada
Indigenous individuals who have excelled in the areas of science, research and related fields.

Indigenous Voices for Nature Conservation
A video documentary series on First Nations, Inuit and Métis leadership in nature conservation, and its importance to cultural conservation and reconciliation.

Traditional Stories and Creation Stories
Listen to stories told by First Nations, Inuit and Métis storytellers from communities across Canada collected by the Canadian Museum of History.

Seven Sacred Laws
A Turtle Lodge web series where Indigenous Peoples get to tell their own stories, for Indigenous and non-Indigenous people.

Treaties | Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada
Jocelyn Joe-Strack, member of the Agunda/Wolf clan of the self-governing Champagne and Aishihik First Nations of southwest Yukon, shares the story of her father and his colleagues, who participated in the land claim negotiations across the Yukon.

Land acknowledgment | Canadian Encyclopedia
This resource explains why we acknowledge the land we live on and why it is important to do more to advance reconciliation.

Guide to Acknowledging First Peoples and Traditional Territory
This guide from the Canadian Association of University Teachers is organized by province and offers examples of territorial acknowledgements developed by local campus-based Indigenous councils or advisory groups.

Native-Land.ca | Our Home on Native Land
An app that maps Indigenous territories, treaties and languages.

Children and youth

Indigenous Arts and Stories
Artworks and stories created by young Indigenous artists and writers.

Historica Canada Education Portal | Indigenous History
Resources for elementary and middle school teachers.

Learning Modules | AFN It's Our Time Toolkit
A toolkit created by the Assembly of First Nations to help students and teachers understand important First Nations topics.

Inuit Circumpolar | Activities for Kids
Learn about Inuit, their history and culture, language and so much more.

Métis Gathering | Learning Resources
Resources for kids and teachers about Métis culture.

CBC Kids | Learning Resources
Videos resources for kids about Indigenous culture and history.

MAJ – News for Kids (not available in English)
Articles and videos for kids on current events and various topics about Indigenous Peoples.

First Peoples Digital Kit
A digital kit offered by Québec's Ministère de l'Éducation for teachers with many resources for each school cycle.

Moose Hide Campaign | Learning Platform for K-12
The Moose Hide Campaign is a grassroots movement aiming to end violence against women and children. The learning platform offers background information, videos, lesson plans and classroom resources to inspire and support teachers and students from across Canada in their learning journey.

Indigenous Heroes
A resource about Indigenous sport heroes that includes various educational activities, for students from kindergarten to Grade 12.

Languages, cultures and arts

Indigenous Languages
Tools, courses, exercises and other resources for teaching and learning Indigenous languages.

Indigenous Languages Across Canada | Statistics Canada
An article from Statistics Canada using data from the 2021 Census of Population. It provides a portrait of the Indigenous languages spoken by First Nations, Inuit and Métis in Canada, highlighting the diversity of Indigenous languages by geographic region.

Canadian Indigenous Languages Technology Project
Collaborative projects that have generated new speech- and text-based resources for Indigenous language students, educators, translators, transcribers and other language professionals, and have helped increase the accessibility of audio and video recordings.

Indigenous Languages in Canada
This article from the Canadian Encyclopedia is a great resource to understand the wide variety of Indigenous languages and dialects that are spoken across Canada.

Indigenous Cinema at the National Film Board of Canada
Vast collection of First Nations-, Inuit- and Métis-created films from different periods of history and on a variety of subjects.

Influential Indigenous musicians in Canada
The work of these popular Indigenous musicians celebrates their cultures and shines a light on important issues for First Nations, Inuit and Métis.

Musique Nomade | Playlists
Musique Nomade is a non-profit organization that works for the development and recognition of Indigenous talents and identities in music, and is a key partner for artists in creation and promotion. Listen to their various playlists that feature talented artists and their music.

Online exhibition of Inuit Prints from Cape Dorset
Through this online resource, the McMichael Canadian Art Collection offers unique access to works created by artists from Kinngait (Cape Dorset). Visitors are invited to browse some 4,000 works, and to create their own sharable virtual exhibits.

Métis Arts and Culture
Learn about traditional and modern Métis arts and culture with this chapter of the Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada.

The Kwakwaka'wakw Potlatch On The Northwest Coast – Virtual Museum
The repatriated Potlatch Collection at the U'mista Cultural Centre tells an epic story of the resistance and resilience of the Kwakwaka'wakw.


Teaching Resources - National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation
The archives of the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation include various resources on residential schools and related topics.

Remembering the Children Educational Package
A publication for students and an educator's guide to starting conversations on missing children and unmarked burial sites at residential schools across Canada.

Canadian Reconciliation Barometer | Understanding, Tracking, and Promoting Reconciliation in Canada
The Canadian Reconciliation Barometer is an online survey that measures progress towards reconciliation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in Canada.

Truth and Reconciliation Commission's Final Report
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission's Final Report documents the history and legacy of Canada's residential school system and includes 94 Calls to Action to advance reconciliation. It is a testament to the courage of each and every Survivor and family member who shared their story.

Toolkits - Reconciliation Canada
Reconciliation Canada is an Indigenous-led organization that aims to revitalize the relationships between Indigenous Peoples and all Canadians. Their toolkits provide some guidelines and ideas on how to start the conversation about reconciliation.

Paths to Reconciliation
This learning resource has been co-created with Indigenous educators, knowledge keepers, Elders, as well as residential school Survivors and their families. The site includes lesson plans to help teachers shed light on some of the lesser-known stories about residential schools as well as on the efforts to locate and commemorate unmarked burials.


Indigenous trailblazers
Learn about inspiring Indigenous Peoples who have helped shape Canadian history.

Screenshot image of Geoviewer

GeoViewer: Who are your neighbours?

Look at the map to see who are the First Nations, Inuit and Métis who live around you.

Launch the Interactive Map

Indigenous organizations

Join the conversation

Use the hashtag #NIHM2023 to stay connected on social media and check out these free downloadable images for National Indigenous History Month and National Indigenous Peoples Day.

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