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What is an Act?

An Act refers to written laws, or statutes, that are enacted by Parliament.

What is a Bill?

Draft legislation is referred to as a bill. Bills are introduced to Parliament and require the assent of the House of Commons, the Senate and the Crown to become law. There are two main types of bills: public and private. In general, a public bill is concerned with matters of public policy, while a private bill relates to matters of a particular interest or benefit to a person or persons, including corporations.

What Information is Available?

Find out more about the Acts and Bills that affect INAC, including information about recent attempts to repeal or reform the Indian Act.

List of Acts

The Minister has the sole responsibility to Parliament for the following Acts:

British Columbia Indian Cut-off Lands Settlement Act S.C., 1984, c. 2
British Columbia Indian Lands Settlement Act S.C., 1920, c. 51
British Columbia Treaty Commission Act S.C., 1995, c. 45
Canada-Yukon Oil and Gas Accord Implementation Act S.C.,1998, c. 5
Canadian High Arctic Research Station Act S.C., 2014, c. 39, s. 145
Caughnawaga Indian Reserve Act S.C., 1934, c. 29
Claim Settlements (Alberta and Saskatchewan) Implementation Act S.C., 2002, c. 3
Condominium Ordinance Validation Act S.C., 1985, c. 46
Cree-Naskapi (of Quebec) Act S.C., 1984, c. 18
Déline Final Self-Government Agreement Act S.C., 2015, c. 24
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development Act R.S.C., 1985 c. I-6
Dominion Water Power ActFootnote 1 R.S.C., 1985 c. W-4
Eeyou Marine Region Land Claims Agreement Act S.C., 2011, c. 20
Family Homes on Reserves and Matrimonial Interests or Rights Act S.C., 2013, c. 20
First Nations Commercial and Industrial Development Act S.C., 2005, c. 53
First Nations Elections Act S.C., 2014, c. 5
First Nations Financial Transparency Act S.C., 2013, c. 7
First Nations Fiscal Management ActFootnote 2 S.C., 2005, c. 9
First Nations Jurisdiction over Education in British Columbia Act S.C., 2006, c. 10
First Nations Land Management Act S.C., 1999, c. 24
First Nations Oil and Gas and Moneys Management Act S.C., 2005, c. 48
Fort Nelson Indian Reserve Minerals Revenue Sharing Act S.C., 1980–83, c. 38
Gender Equity in Indian Registration Act S.C., 2010, C. 18
Grassy Narrows and Islington Indian Bands Mercury Pollution Claims Settlement Act S.C., 1986, c. 23
Gwich'in Land Claim Settlement Act S.C., 1992, c. 53
Indian Act R.S.C., 1985, c. I-5
Indian Act Amendment and Replacement Act S.C., 2014, c. 38
Indian Lands Agreement (1986) Act S.C., 1988, c. 39
Indian Lands, Settlement of Differences (Ontario) Act S.C., 1924, c. 48
Indian Oil and Gas Act R.S.C., 1985, c. I-7
Indian (Soldier Settlement) Act R.S.C., 1927, c. 98
James Bay and Northern Quebec Native Claims Settlement Act S.C., 1976–77, c. 32
Kanesatake Interim Land Base Governance Act S.C., 2001, c. 8
Kelowna Accord Implementation ActFootnote 3 S.C., 2008, c. 23
Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement Act S.C., 2005, c. 27
Land Titles Repeal Act S.C., 1993, c. 41
Maanulth First Nations Final Agreement Act S.C., 2009, c. 18
Mackenzie Valley Resource Management Act S.C., 1998, c. 25
Manitoba Claim Settlements Implementation Act S.C., 2000, c. 33
Mi'kmaq Education Act S.C., 1998, c. 24
Nelson House First Nation Flooded Land Act S.C., 1997, c. 29
New Brunswick Indian Reserves Agreement Act S.C., 1959, c. 47
Nisga'a Final Agreement Act S.C., 2000, c. 7
Northern Canada Power Commission (Share Issuance and Sale Authorization) Act S.C., 1988, c.12
Northern Canada Power Commission Yukon Assets Disposal Authorization Act S.C., 1987, c. 9
Northwest Territories Act S.C., 2014, c. 2, s. 2
Northwest Territories Devolution Act S.C., 2014, c. 2
Nova Scotia Indian Reserves Agreement Act S.C., 1959, c. 50
Nunavik Inuit Land Claims Agreement Act S.C., 2008, c. 2
Nunavut Act S.C., 1993, c. 28
Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act S.C., 1993, c. 29
Nunavut Waters and Nunavut Surface Rights Tribunal Act S.C., 2002, c. 10
Nunavut Planning and Project Assessment Act S.C., 2013, c. 14, s. 2
Pictou Landing Indian Band Agreement Act S.C., 1995, c. 4
Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation Act S.C., 2014, c. 18
Safe Drinking Water for First Nations Act Footnote 4 S.C., 2013, c. 21
Sahtu Dene and Metis Land Claim Settlement Act S.C., 1994, c. 27
Saskatchewan Treaty Land Entitlement Act S.C., 1993, c. 11
Sechelt Indian Band Self-Government Act S.C., 1986, c. 27
Sioux Valley Dakota Nation Governance Act S.C., 2014, c. 1
Songhees Indian Reserve Act S.C., 1911, c. 24
Specific Claims Tribunal Act S.C., 2008, c. 22
Split Lake Cree First Nation Flooded Land Act S.C., 1994, c. 42
St. Peter's Indian Reserve Act S.C., 1916, c. 24
St. Regis Islands Act S.C., 1926-27, c. 37
Territorial Lands Act R.S.C., 1985, T-7
Tla'amin Final Agreement Act S.C., 2014, c. 11
Tlicho Land Claims and Self-Government Act S.C., 2005, c. 1
Tsawwassen First Nation Final Agreement Act S.C., 2008, c. 32
Westbank First Nation Self-Government Act S.C., 2004, c. 17
Western Arctic (Inuvialuit) Claims Settlement Act S.C., 1984, c. 24
Yale First Nation Final Agreement Act S.C., 2013, c. 25
York Factory First Nation Flooded Land Act S.C., 1997, c. 28
Yukon Act S.C., 2002, c. 7
Yukon Environmental and Socio-economic Assessment Act S.C., 2003, c. 7
Yukon First Nations Land Claims Settlement Act S.C., 1994, c. 34
Yukon First Nations Self-Government Act S.C., 1994, c. 35
Yukon Surface Rights Board Act S.C., 1994, c. 43

The Minister shares responsibility to Parliament with another federal minister for the following Acts:

Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention ActFootnote 5 R.S.C., 1985, c. A-12
Canada Lands Surveys ActFootnote 6 R.S.C., 1985, c. L-6
Canada Oil and Gas Operations ActFootnote 7 R.S.C., 1985, c. O-7
Canada Petroleum Resources ActFootnote 8 R.S.C., 1985, c. 36 (2nd Supp.)

The Minister shares responsibility for the following Acts with a provincial government:

Alberta Natural Resources Act S.C., 1930, c. 3
British Columbia Indian Reserves Mineral Resources Act S.C., 1943–44, c. 19
Manitoba Natural Resources Act R.S., 1930, c. 29
Manitoba Supplementary Provisions Act R.S.C., 1927, c. 124
Natural Resources Transfer (School Lands) Amendment Act - (Manitoba, Alberta, Saskatchewan) S.C., 1960–61, c. 62
Railway Belt Act R.S.C., 1927, c. 116
The Railway Belt and Peace River Block Act S.C., 1930, c. 37
Railway Belt Water Act R.S., 1927, c. 211; 1928, cc.. 6, 44
Saskatchewan Natural Resources ActFootnote 9 S.C., 1930, c. 41
Saskatchewan Natural Resources ActsFootnote 10 S.C., 1931, c. 51

For more information

To learn about upcoming or ongoing consultations on proposed federal regulations, visit the Canada Gazette and Consulting With Canadians websites.

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