Learning resources about First Nations, Inuit and Métis across Canada

Explore the history, languages, cultures, and experiences of Indigenous Peoples in Canada.


Mental health support available

This page contains topics that may be distressing to some readers. If you need help, please note there are Indigenous mental health services available.



Women, girls and 2SLGBTQI+ people

Read documents on the impacts of violence against Indigenous women, girls and 2SLGBTQI+ people as well as on recommended actions to end this national tragedy. Get to know inspiring Indigenous women and Two-Spirits, and their invaluable past and present contributions.

National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls
Information on the national inquiry launched to identify the systemic causes of violence against Indigenous women and girls, and make recommendations for effective actions.

Reclaiming Power and Place: The Final Report of the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls
This 2-volume report calls for legal and social changes to resolve the crisis that has devastated Indigenous communities across the country.

Murdered and Missing Indigenous Women and Girls | Assembly of First Nations
Resources on violence against women, girls and 2SLGBTQQIA+ people, including statistics, the First Nations Action Plan and information on other initiatives to end violence.

MMIWG2S+ | National Association of Friendship Centres
Information on initiatives from the National Association of Friendship Centres to end violence against Indigenous women, girls and 2SLGBTQIA+ people. Friendship centres provide culturally appropriate services to Indigenous people living in urban centres across the country.

Gender-Based Violence | Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada
Full report, recommendations and resources on how gender-based violence affects Inuit communities.

Red Dress Day | The Canadian Encyclopedia
Red Dress Day on May 5 is also known as the National Day of Awareness for Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls and Two-Spirit People.

Indigenous Women Activists in Canada | The Canadian Encyclopedia
Learn about some of the many Indigenous women activists and the important causes they fought and continue to fight for.

Timeline of Influential Indigenous Women
A timeline of over 150 influential First Nations, Inuit and Métis women from 1600 to today.

Two-Spirit | The Canadian Encyclopedia
Learn about the pre-colonial and contemporary usage of the term "Two-Spirit" by Indigenous Peoples.

Women of the Nistawoyou | Digital Museums Canada
Discover how 10 exceptional matriarchs from the traditional land of Dene, Cree and Métis in the Wood Buffalo region of Alberta contributed to the vibrancy of their communities by preserving and teaching Indigenous traditions.

Environment, traditional knowledge and territory

Explore the territory through the eyes of Indigenous Peoples, and learn about what First Nations, Inuit and Métis are doing to conserve both traditions and nature. Find out more about treaties and the importance of acknowledging the land we live on.

Indigenous Connections | Parks Canada
A video playlist of Indigenous Peoples sharing their homelands and traditions.

Remarkable Indigenous Scientists and Researchers in Canada | The Canadian Encyclopedia
Indigenous individuals who have excelled in the areas of science, research and related fields.

Indigenous Voices for Nature Conservation | Environment and Climate Change Canada
A video documentary series on First Nations, Inuit and Métis leadership in nature conservation, and its importance to cultural conservation and reconciliation.

Traditional Stories and Creation Stories | Canadian Museum of History
Listen to stories told by First Nations, Inuit and Métis storytellers from communities across Canada collected by the Canadian Museum of History.

Seven Sacred Laws | Turtle Lodge
A series of short animated films on the sacred teachings of Anishinaabe culture on how we should live our lives on Mother Earth.
Treaties | Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada
Jocelyn Joe-Strack, member of the Agunda/Wolf clan of the self-governing Champagne and Aishihik First Nations of southwest Yukon, shares the story of her father and his colleagues, who participated in the land claim negotiations across the Yukon.

Mapping the Way – Yukon First Nation Self-Government
Discover the inspiring stories and events that helped map the way to First Nations self-government in Yukon.

Land Acknowledgment | The Canadian Encyclopedia
This resource explains why we acknowledge the land we live on and why it is important to do more to advance reconciliation.

Guide to Acknowledging First Peoples and Traditional Territory | Canadian Association of University Teachers
This guide is organized by province and offers examples of territorial acknowledgements developed by local campus-based Indigenous councils or advisory groups.

Native Land Digital
An app that maps Indigenous territories, treaties and languages.

Children and youth

Discover learning resources on Indigenous history and cultures designed for children and youth. Let stories created by young Indigenous artists and writers inspire you.

Indigenous Arts and Stories | Historica Canada
Artworks and stories created by young Indigenous artists and writers.

Indigenous History | Education Portal | Historica Canada
Resources for elementary and middle school teachers.

It's Our Time Education Toolkit | Assembly of First Nations
A toolkit created by the Assembly of First Nations to help students and teachers understand important First Nations topics.

Activities for Kids | Inuit Circumpolar
Learn about Inuit, their history and culture, language and so much more.

Learning Resources | Métis Gathering  
Resources for kids and teachers about Métis culture.

Learning Resources | CBC Kids
Videos resources for kids about Indigenous culture and history.

MAJ – News for Kids | Radio-Canada (not available in English)
Articles and videos for kids on current events and various topics about Indigenous Peoples.

First Peoples Digital Kit | Ministère de l'Éducation du Québec
A digital kit for teachers offering engaging stories and educational content for each school cycle.

Moose Hide Campaign Learning Platform for K-12
The Moose Hide Campaign is a grassroots movement aiming to end violence against women and children. The learning platform offers background information, videos, lesson plans and classroom resources to inspire and support teachers and students from across Canada in their learning journey.

Indigenous Heroes | Canada's Sports Hall of Fame
A resource about Indigenous sport heroes that includes various educational activities, for students from kindergarten to Grade 12.

Languages, cultures and arts

Immerse yourself in the diverse languages, cultures and arts of Indigenous Peoples. Learn how to say "Hello" in an Indigenous language, watch a film or documentary by an Indigenous filmmaker, or visit a virtual museum.

Indigenous Languages | Translation Bureau
Tools, courses, exercises and other resources for teaching and learning Indigenous languages.

Indigenous Languages Across Canada | Statistics Canada
An article from Statistics Canada using data from the 2021 Census of Population. It provides a portrait of the Indigenous languages spoken by First Nations, Inuit and Métis in Canada, highlighting the diversity of Indigenous languages by geographic region.

Canadian Indigenous Languages Technology Project | National Research Council Canada
Technologies developed in collaboration with Indigenous communities and language experts that contribute to revitalization of Indigenous languages.

Indigenous Languages in Canada | The Canadian Encyclopedia
A resource to better understand the wide variety of Indigenous languages and dialects spoken across Canada.

Indigenous Cinema | National Film Board of Canada
Vast collection of Indigenous-made films on a variety of subjects.

Influential Indigenous Musicians in Canada | The Canadian Encyclopedia
The work of these popular Indigenous musicians celebrates their cultures and shines a light on important issues for First Nations, Inuit and Métis.

Playlists | Nikamowin
A platform to discover today's Indigenous artists and their music.

Online Exhibition of Inuit Prints from Cape Dorset | Canadian Museum of History
Through this online resource, the McMichael Canadian Art Collection offers unique access to works created by artists from Kinngait (Cape Dorset). Visitors are invited to browse some 4,000 works, and to create their own sharable virtual exhibits.

Métis Arts and Culture | Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada
Learn about traditional and modern Métis arts and culture.

The Kwakwaka'wakw Potlatch on the Northwest Coast | Virtual Museum
The repatriated Potlatch Collection at the U'mista Cultural Centre tells an epic story of the resistance and resilience of the Kwakwaka'wakw.


Access resources, research and reports on various topics related to residential schools, intergenerational impacts of colonization and efforts to advance reconciliation. Find guidance and ideas on how to start conversations about reconciliation.

Truth and Reconciliation Commission Reports
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission's reports document the history and legacy of Canada's residential school system and includes 94 Calls to Action to advance reconciliation. It is a testament to the courage of each and every Survivor and family member who shared their story.

Teaching Resources | National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation
The archives of the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation include various resources on residential schools and related topics.

Remembering the Children Educational Package | Canada's History
A publication for students and an educator's guide to starting conversations on missing children and unmarked burial sites at residential schools across Canada.

Understanding, Tracking, and Promoting Reconciliation in Canada | Canadian Reconciliation Barometer
The Canadian Reconciliation Barometer is an online survey that measures progress towards reconciliation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in Canada.

Toolkits | Reconciliation Canada
Reconciliation Canada is an Indigenous-led organization that aims to revitalize the relationships between Indigenous Peoples and all Canadians. Their toolkits provide guidelines and ideas on how to start the conversation about reconciliation. 

Paths to Reconciliation – Canadian Geographic
This learning resource has been co-created with Indigenous educators, knowledge keepers, Elders, as well as residential school Survivors and their families. The site includes lesson plans to help teachers shed light on some of the lesser-known stories about residential schools as well as on the efforts to locate and commemorate unmarked burials.


Indigenous trailblazers
Learn about inspiring Indigenous Peoples who have helped shape Canadian history.

Screenshot image of Geoviewer

GeoViewer: Who are your neighbours?

Look at the map to see who are the First Nations, Inuit and Métis who live around you.

Launch the Interactive Map

Indigenous organizations

Join the conversation

Use the hashtag #NIHM2023 to stay connected on social media and check out these free downloadable images for National Indigenous History Month and National Indigenous Peoples Day.

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