Exploring new ways of working together

Canada is moving forward with Indigenous partners on different paths toward reconciliation, including Recognition of Rights discussion tables. Find a list of these tables by region.

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About Recognition of Indigenous Rights and Self-Determination discussion tables

The Government of Canada is working with Indigenous groups at over 75 discussion tables across the country to explore new ways of working together to advance the recognition of Indigenous rights and self-determination. These discussions represent more than 380 Indigenous communities, with a total population of more than 700,000 people.

The goal is to bring greater flexibility to negotiations based on the recognition of rights, respect, cooperation and partnership. At these tables, Canada and Indigenous groups can explore new ideas and ways to reach agreements that will recognize the rights of Indigenous groups and advance their vision of self-determination for the benefit of their communities and all Canadians.

These discussions are community-driven and respond to the unique rights, needs and interests of First Nations, Inuit and Métis groups where existing federal policies have not been able to do so. This may involve:

The priorities identified by Indigenous groups are the starting point for these discussions. Discussions can focus on one priority area or cover many issues.

The process for moving forward is jointly designed by the parties through co-developed agreements (such as Letters of Understanding, Memoranda of Understanding and Framework Agreements).

Under the agreed-upon process, the parties then work to find the common ground for moving ahead in partnership toward a shared and balanced solution.

These discussions can also seek to address longstanding issues that are not covered by existing treaty or self-government negotiations. This kind of dialogue is open to all Indigenous groups with Section 35 rights to address longstanding issues that may fall outside the scope of other federal policies.

Canada recognizes that federal policies and approaches will continue to evolve over time and looks forward to working with Indigenous communities to co-develop agreements that work for and benefit the parties.

Discussion tables by region

Indigenous groups currently engaged at Recognition of Indigenous Rights and Self-Determination discussion tables with Canada include those listed below. Discussions are confidential. Key facts and links are provided for discussion tables that have been jointly announced or made public by the parties.

British Columbia

Carrier Sekani Tribal Council
Participating Indigenous communities Seven Carrier Sekani First Nations: Nadleh Whut'en, Nak'azdli Whut'en, Saik'uz First Nation, Stellat'en First Nation, Takla Lake First Nation, Tl'azt'en Nation and Ts'il Kaz Koh First Nation (Burns Lake Band).
When discussions began 2018
Key milestones On January 23, 2019, the parties signed a Letter of Understanding.
Related links Canada and Carrier Sekani First Nations advance reconciliation with signing of Letter of Understanding
Coastal First Nations
Participating Indigenous communities Seven Coastal First Nations (as represented by the Great Bear Initiative Society): Gitga'at First Nation, Gitxaala Nation, Heiltsuk First Nation, Kitasoo First Nation, Metlakatla First Nation, Nuxalk Nation, and Wuikinuxv Nation
When discussions began 2015
Key milestones On October 11, 2017, the parties signed a Framework Agreement for Fisheries Resources.
Related links Canada and the Coastal First Nations take a step forward in the management of fisheries resources for the central coast of British Columbia

Council of Haida Nation

Esquimalt

Heiltsuk Nation
Participating Indigenous communities Heiltsuk Nation
When discussions began 2016
Key milestones On January 28, 2017, the parties signed a Framework Agreement for Reconciliation.
Related links Reconciliation in Action: Minister Bennett and Chief Slett sign the Heiltsuk Hai´¿ci´stut Framework Agreement for Reconciliation
Lake Babine First Nation
Participating Indigenous communities Lake Babine First Nation
When discussions began 2017
Key milestones On November 30, 2018, Canada, BC and Lake Babine First Nation signed the Tripartite Memorandum of Understanding to Guide Rights Implementation and Reconciliation Negotiations.
Related links Canada, Lake Babine Nation and British Columbia join together on road to long-term reconciliation
Métis Nation of British Columbia
Participating Indigenous communities Métis Nation of British Columbia
When discussions began 2017
Key milestones On July 25, 2018, the parties signed a Memorandum of Understanding on reconciliation.
Related links Canada and Métis Nation British Columbia solidify their relationship

Musqueam Indian Band

Namgis First Nation

Okanagan Nation Alliance

Secwépemc Nation
Participating Indigenous communities Eleven Secwépemc Nation First Nation communities: Skeetchestn, Tk'emlúps, Esketemc, Splatsin, Shuswap, Adams Lake, Simpcw, High Bar, Bonaparte, Neskonlith and Whispering Pines/Clinton
When talks began 2017
Key milestones On July 23 and October 17, 2018, the parties signed a Memorandum of Understanding to advance reconciliation on child and family services.
Related links

Secwépemc Nation

Secwépemc Nation, British Columbia, Government of Canada, sign memorandum of understanding on jurisdiction for child and family services

Minister Philpott joins Secwépemc Nation in signing ceremony on Child and Family Services reform

shíshàlh Nation (formerly the Sechelt Indian Band)

Southern Dakelh Nation Alliance
Participating Indigenous communities The Southern Dakelh Nation Alliance includes the following First Nations: Lhoosk'uz Dené Nation, Lhtako Dené Nation, Nazko First Nation and Ulkatcho Nation
When discussions began 2017
Key milestones On July 22, 2018, the parties signed a Recognition of Indigenous Rights and Self-Determination Memorandum of Understanding.
Related links Southern Dakelh Nation Alliance and Canada celebrate key step on path of renewal and reconciliation

Snuneymuxw First Nation

T'aaq-wiihak First Nations

Taku River Tlingit First Nation

Tsartlip First Nation

Tŝilhqot'in Nation
Participating Indigenous communities Tŝilhqot'in Nation comprises six communities: Tl'etinqox (Anaham), Tsi Del Del (Alexis Creek/Redstone), Yunesit'in Government (Stone), ?Esdilagh (Alexandria), Xeni Gwet'in First Nations Government (Nemiah) and the Tl'esqox (Toosey Band)
When talks began 2016
Key milestones

On November 2, 2018, the Prime Minister visited Tŝilhqot'in title lands and delivered a statement of exoneration.

On March 26, 2018, the Prime Minister delivered in Parliament a statement of exoneration for 6 Tŝilhqot'in Chiefs.

On January 27, 2017, the parties signed a Letter of Understanding to renew relationships and advance reconciliation.

Related links

Tŝilhqot'in and Canada take first steps towards reconciliation with signing of Letter of Understanding

Prime Minister delivers a statement of exoneration for 6 Tŝilhqot'in Chiefs

Prime Minister visits Tŝilhqot'in Nation to personally deliver statement of exoneration

Tsleil-Waututh Nation
Participating Indigenous communities Tsleil-Waututh Nation
When talks began 2016
Key milestones On September 4, 2017, the parties signed a Letter of Understanding to renew relationships and advance reconciliation.
Related links Canada and Tsleil-Waututh Nation take steps to advance reconciliation with signing of Letter of Understanding
Wet'suwet'en Nation
Participating Indigenous communities Wet'suwet'en Hereditary Chiefs,Witset First Nation and Hagwilget Village Council
When talks began 2017
Key milestones On October 11, 2018, the parties signed a Memorandum of Understanding to advance reconciliation on child and family services.
Related links Canada, British Columbia and Wet'suwet'en make progress on child and family services
WSÁNEĆ Nation
Participating Indigenous communities Three W̱SÁNEĆ First Nations: Tsartlip First Nation, Tseycum First Nation and Tsawout First Nation
When discussions began 2018
Key milestones On January 24, 2019, the parties signed a Letter of Understanding.
Related links Canada and W̱SÁNEĆ Nation strengthen nation-to-nation relationship with signing of Letter of Understanding

Alberta

Blood Tribe
Participating Indigenous communities Blood Tribe
When discussions began 2017
Key milestones On July 5, 2018, the parties signed a Memorandum of Understanding on reconciliation.
Related links
Métis Nation of Alberta
Participating Indigenous communities Métis Nation of Alberta
When talks began 2016
Key milestones

On November 16, 2017, the parties signed a Framework Agreement that sets out a process to begin formal negotiations.

The Framework Agreement is the result of exploratory talks held under a Memorandum of Understanding on Advancing Reconciliation signed in January 2017.

Related links

Métis Nation of Alberta

Canada and the Métis Nation of Alberta advance reconciliation with signing of Framework Agreement

Métis Settlements General Council
Participating Indigenous communities Métis Settlements General Council
When talks began 2017
Key milestones

On December 17, 2018, the parties signed a Framework Agreement.

On December 14, 2017, the parties signed a Memorandum of Understanding.

Related links

Canada and the Métis Settlement General Council Sign Framework Agreement

Canada and the Métis Settlements General Council moving forward on reconciliation with signing of Memorandum of Understanding

Mikisew Cree First Nation

Sawridge/Kapawe'no First Nations
Participating Indigenous communities Sawridge and Kapawe'no First Nations
When talks began 2018
Key milestones On November 13, 2018, the parties signed a Memorandum of Understanding.
Related links Sawridge and Kapawe'no First Nations and Canada sign Memorandum of Understanding on Advancing Self-Determination

Stoney Nakota (Chiniki First Nation, Bearspaw First Nation and Wesley First Nation)

Treaty #6 First Nations

Treaty #8 First Nations

Saskatchewan

Meadow Lake Tribal Council

Métis Nation – Saskatchewan
Participating Indigenous communities Métis Nation of Saskatchewan
When talks began 2017
Key milestones

On July 20, 2018, the parties signed a Framework Agreement.

On February 22, 2018, the parties signed a Memorandum of Understanding.

Related Links
McArthur — Treaty#4 (Ocean Man, White Bear and Pheasant Rump Nakota)
Participating Indigenous communities Ocean Man Band, White Bear Band and Pheasant Rump Nakota Band
When talks began 2016
Key milestones On May 30, 2017, the parties signed a Memorandum of Understanding.

Poundmaker Cree Nation

Red Earth Cree Nation

Treaty #4 First Nations

Wahpeton Dakota

Whitecap Dakota First Nation
Participating Indigenous communities Whitecap Dakota First Nation
When talks began 2016
Key milestones On January 22, 2018, the parties signed a Framework Agreement for advancing reconciliation.
Related links

Whitecap Dakota First Nation

Whitecap Dakota First Nation and Canada sign historic Framework Agreement towards treaty

Manitoba

Birdtail Sioux First Nation

Canupawakpa Dakota First Nation

Dakota Plains First Nation

Fisher River Cree Nation
Participating Indigenous communities Fisher River Cree Nation
When talks began 2018
Key milestones

On December 6, 2018, the parties signed a Memorandum of Understanding on advancing reconciliation.

Related links

Fisher River Cree Nation

Fisher River Cree Nation and Canada sign Memorandum of Understanding on Advancing Reconciliation

Island Lake Tribal Council

Manitoba Metis Federation
Participating Indigenous communities Manitoba Metis Federation
When talks began 2016
Key milestones

On September 22, 2018, the parties announced a 3-part action plan to advance reconciliation.

On November 15, 2016, the parties signed a Framework Agreement that sets out a process to begin formal negotiations.

The Framework Agreement is the result of exploratory talks held under a Memorandum of Understanding signed in May 2016.

Related links

Manitoba Metis Federation

Manitoba Metis Federation and Government of Canada announce joint action plan on Advancing Reconciliation

Canada and Manitoba Metis Federation celebrate key milestone on road to reconciliation

Nisichawayasihk Cree Nation

Sioux Valley Dakota Nation
Participating Indigenous communities Sioux Valley Dakota Nation
When talks began 2016
Key milestones

On September 22, 2018, the parties signed a Framework Agreement.

Related links

Sioux Valley Dakota Nation, Canada and Manitoba sign Framework Agreement on Reconciliation

Treaty #2 First Nations
Participating Indigenous communities First Nations in Treaty 2 Territory
When talks began 2017
Key milestones

On December 6, 2018, the parties signed a Protocol Agreement for advancing reconciliation.

Related links

First Nations in Treaty 2 Territory

First Nations in Treaty 2 Territory and Canada sign Protocol Agreement for Advancing Reconciliation

Treaty #5 and Treaty #5 Adhesions First Nations

Ontario

Grand Council Treaty# 3

Métis Nation of Ontario
Participating Indigenous communities Métis Nation of Ontario
When talks began 2016
Key milestones

On December 11, 2017, the three parties signed a Framework Agreement for Advancing Reconciliation.

On December 11, 2017, Canada and the Métis Nation of Ontario also signed an Agreement on Advancing Reconciliation with the Northwestern Ontario Métis Community.

On February 3, 2017, Canada and Métis Nation of Ontario signed a Memorandum of Understanding on Advancing Reconciliation. This led to exploratory discussions in which Ontario was invited to participate.

Related links

Métis Nation of Ontario

Canada, Ontario and the Métis Nation of Ontario sign Framework Agreement for Advancing Reconciliation

Canada and the Métis Nation of Ontario sign Agreement on Advancing Reconciliation with Métis Community in Northwestern Ontario

Michano Litigation (Biigetikong Nishnaabeg, Pic Mobert First Nation, Pawgwasheeng, Long Lake No. 58 First Nation, Bingwi Neyaashi Anishinaabek and Biinjitiwaabik Zaaging Anishinaabek)

Mississaugas of New Credit First Nation
Participating Indigenous communities Mississaugas of New Credit First Nation
When talks began 2017
Key milestones On September 6, 2018, the parties signed a consultation protocol.
Related links Canada and the Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation forge new relationship with signing of consultation protocol

Nishnawbe Aski Nation

Oneida Nation of the Thames

Robinson-Huron Treaty First Nations

Temagami First Nation

United Chiefs and Councils of Mnidoo Mnising

Wiikwemkoong

Williams Treaties First Nations
Participating Indigenous communities Williams Treaties First Nations: Alderville First Nation, Beausoleil First Nation, Chippewas of Georgina Island, Chippewas of Rama, Curve Lake First Nation, Hiawatha First Nation, Mississaugas of Scugog Island
When talks began 2016
Key milestones

On November 17, 2018, Canada and Ontario delivered historic apologies to the 7 Williams Treaties First Nations.

On September 13, 2018, the parties announced a negotiated settlement agreement resolving the Alderville litigation.

In February 2017, the parties agreed to a process to begin formal negotiations.

Related links

Williams Treaties First Nations

Canada and Ontario advance reconciliation with historic apologies to the 7 Williams Treaties First Nations communities

Canada, Ontario and Williams Treaties First Nations reach negotiated settlement agreement for Alderville Litigation

Statement of Apology for the Impacts of the 1923 Williams Treaties

Williams Treaties First Nations Settlement Agreement

Canada, Ontario and Williams Treaties First Nations take first step towards a negotiated resolution of Alderville litigation

Quebec

Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg

Makivik Corporation

Maliseet of Viger

Mi'kmaq of the Gaspé region of Quebec
Participating Indigenous communities Listuguj Mi'gmaq
When discussions began 2018
Key milestones On November 12, 2018, Canada and the Listuguj Mi'gmaq Government signed a Canada-Listuguj First Nation Fish Framework Agreement.
Related links Government of Canada and Listuguj Mi'gmaq Government conclude agreement on fishery

Mohawk Council of Kahnawà:ke

Mohawks of Kanehsatà:ke

Atlantic

Elsipogtog First Nation

Maliseet of New Brunswick/Wolastoqey

Mi'kmaq of New Brunswick

Mi'kmaq of Nova Scotia

Mi'kmaq of Prince Edward Island
Participating Indigenous communities Mi'kmaq Confederacy of Prince Edward Island representing the communities of Abegweit and Lennox Island
When discussions began 2017
Key milestones On January 15, 2019, the parties signed a Framework Agreement to strengthen their relationship and move towards reconciliation.
Related links Moving Forward Together with the Mi'kmaq of Prince Edward Island
NunatuKavut Community Council
Participating Indigenous communities NunatuKavut Community Council
When discussions began 2018
Key milestones On July 12, 2018, the parties announced the start of discussions on recognition of Indigenous rights and self-determination.
Related links

Peskotomuhkati

Wolastoqey of New Brunswick

Nunavut

Ahiarmiut (Ahiarmiut Relocation Society)
Participating Indigenous communities Ahiarmiut (Ahiarmiut Relocation Society)
When discussions began 2017
Key milestones

On January 22, 2019, Canada delivered a historic apology to the Ahiarmiut for past wrongs related to multiple relocations in the 1950s.

In April 2018, the parties agreed to a process to begin formal negotiations toward a settlement.

Related links

Northwest Territories

Kátł'odeeche First Nation

Yukon

Kwanlin Dun First Nation

White River First Nation

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