Historic Treaties and Treaty First Nations in Canada Infographic

PDF Version (1 page, 410 KB)

Note: You can click on the numbers in the squares above the map image to learn more about the relevant treaties.

Interactive Map of Historic Treaties and Treaty First Nations in Canada Douglas Treaties (1850-1854) The Numbered Treaties (1871-1921) Robinson Treaties (1850) Williams Treaties (1923) Upper Canada Land Surrenders (1781-1862) Treaties of Peace and Neutrality (1701-1760) Maritime Peace and Friendship Treaties (1725-1779)
Text description of the Interactive Map of Historic Treaties and Treaty First Nations in Canada

The title, "Historic Treaties and Treaty First Nations in Canada" appears at the top of the page.

Written underneath is: 364 of 617 First Nations are Treaty First Nations (59%). Below this is a grey box with that says: "Historic treaties are located in nine provinces and three territories, covering nearly 50% of Canada's land mass".

On the right side of the page: "Total Population of Treaty First Nations (2006): 542,817." Below this are stick figures of people.

At the bottom is a large map of Canada identifying the locations of recognized treaties. Above the map is a legend. A large circular sign that states "70 recognized treaties" with lines branching off to each treaty area on the map.

  • Douglas Treaties (1850-1854) are located in British Columbia.
  • Numbered Treaties (1871-1921) are across Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario.
  • Robinson Treaties (1850), Williams Treaties (1923), and Upper Canada Land Surrenders (1781-1862) are located mostly in Ontario.
  • The Peace and Friendship Treaties (1725-1779) are located in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Quebec.
  • Peace and Neutrality Treaties (1701-1760) were not represented on the map.

Underneath the map is a note stating: "Historic Treaty boundaries are largely un-surveyed and therefore estimated based on treaty texts. Should no geographic description be present within a treaty, illustrative polygons may be used to represent locations where signatory nations assert and/or exercise Section 35 rights. These polygons should not be considered definitive in terms of the specific location of treaty rights. The Peace and Neutrality Treaties do not currently have a geographic representation.

For more information please visit: Historic treaties"

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