Success stories: Agreements and land claims

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada (CIRNAC) negotiates and implements land claim and self-government agreements on behalf of the Government of Canada and helps build strong partnerships among Indigenous peoples, governments and the private sector.

The following stories showcase the success of First Nations, Inuit, Métis and Northern communities as we address outstanding land claim and treaty issues and work toward self-government.

See other Indigenous success stories from across Canada.

Vancouver Land Transfer Deal
Through negotiations with the Government of Canada, surplus Crown lands in metropolitan Vancouver were transferred to three First Nations: Musqueam, Squamish and Tsleil-Waututh. The lands in question have been regarded as lands within each First Nation's traditional territory. By acquiring these parcels of land, outside the British Columbia Treaty process, these three First Nations can engage in economic development opportunities for their respective communities. View this video to see how this success was achieved.

Saskatchewan's One Millionth Acre
The implementation of land claim settlements allows First Nations in Saskatchewan to move forward and invest in their futures. By means of Treaty Land Entitlement and Specific Claims settlements, up to 2.4 million acres of new rural and urban reserve lands will be created in Saskatchewan.

Charting a Path for Prosperity - Long Plain First Nation's Urban Reserves Story.
Learn how Long Plain First Nation is meeting the growing demands for housing, employment and training in their community through the establishment of their second urban reserve in Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Investing in the Future - The Onion Lake Cree Nation Story.
The settlement of a specific land claim has set the stage for Onion Lake Cree Nation to be an active participant in natural resource development. Learn how the First Nation is using the economic benefits to plan for the future.

Moving Toward Economic Development: The Story of Madawaska Maliseet.
Achieved through collaboration with Canadian Pacific Railway and Fraser Papers, the settlement of a specific claim enables Madawaska Maliseet First Nation in New Brunswick to break ground on a new commercial development.

ARCHIVED - A New Beginning for Bigstone Cree & Peerless Trout First Nations.
This unique claim settlement concluded with Bigstone Cree in 2010 is one of the largest in Canadian history and it also led to the creation of a new First Nation in northern Alberta – Peerless Trout First Nation.

Beyond Boundaries – The Michipicoten Story, Ontario.
The Michipicoten First Nation is building on its past successes and pursuing new opportunities, such as partnerships with its neighbours.

For the community: The Skeetchestn Story, British Columbia.
Hear first hand from the Skeetchestn community members about how the benefits of settling this specific claim continue to affect their lives.

Partnership in Action: The Keeseekoowenin Story, Manitoba.
The settlement of two specific claims paved the way for the Keeseekoowenin First Nation and Parks Canada to begin to rebuild their relationship and find a way to work together.

Path to a Solution - The Story of the Crespieul Reserve, Quebec.
The negotiations surrounding the former Crespieul reserve of the Abenakis of Odanak and Wôlinak took place in a climate of cooperation, which allowed this claim to be settled within a few years and to everyone's satisfaction.

Legacy Agreements for the 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games.
The Four Host First Nations: Lil'wat, Squamish, Tsleil-Wauthuth and Musqueam Nations, have come together to showcase their culture, language and heritage, all made possible through the Legacy Agreements.

Treaty Land Entitlement – The English River Story, Saskatchewan.
In 1992, the federal and provincial governments signed an historic land claim agreement with Saskatchewan First Nations. As a result, about 761,000 acres have been turned into reserve land and many First Nations continue to invest their settlement dollars in urban areas.

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