Archived - Management Practices Review of the Indian Residential Schools Adjudication Secretariat (IRSAS)

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Date: February, 2010

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Table of Contents

Background and Context


Since 2007, INAC Audit and Evaluation Sector - Audit and Assurance Services Branch (AASB) has been reviewing the management practices in Regions and Sectors as part of its three year Risk-Based Audit Plan.

The Executive Director of the Indian Residential Schools Adjudication Secretariat (IRSAS, or Adjudication Secretariat) requested a Management Practices Review (MPR) for the IRSAS to be conducted.


The mandate of the IRSAS is to implement and administer the Independent Assessment Process (IAP) under the direction of the Chief Adjudicator in an independent, objective and impartial manner.

The IAP came into effect at the time of implementation of the IRS Settlement Agreement in September 2007.

The IAP is an out of court, alternate dispute resolution process that resolves claims of abuse that occurred at Indian Residential Schools.

IRSAS, while under the INAC departmental umbrella, is an independent, arms-length entity; wherein, the role of the Secretariat staff is to screen applications and provide extensive support services to adjudicative hearings. The role of the Chief Adjudicator and Adjudicators is to independently assess claims of former IRS students and to render decisions.

Key functional activities within the IAP include:

IRSAS is administering the IAP and is accepting IAP applications for a period of five years from September 19, 2007 to September 19, 2012 - at which point the IRSAS will wind-down. The IAP is to be concluded by September 19, 2013.

IRSAS has offices located in Ottawa, Winnipeg, Regina, and Vancouver.

As of December 2009, the current annual budget is approximately $34 million with 170 FTEs. The implementation of the IAP has not followed initial projections. The implementation of the IAP was delayed by several months at the outset due to a court-ordered opt-out period. Also, the number of applications received has not followed the projected trend line. At the outset of the 2009/10 fiscal year it was projected that the IRSAS would process 4,000 files to the point of hearing and spend $60M. This has not occurred for several reasons:


The objectives of management practices reviews are to:

In light of the nature of the engagement as a management practices review and not an audit engagement, no conclusions or level of assurance are provided.

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The scope of IRSAS MPR covered a range of management practices in place within the Adjudication Secretariat.

The following nine (9) management practice areas were assessed during the course of the MPR:

  1. Strategic and Operational Planning;
  2. Risk Management;
  3. Human Resources Management;
  4. Coordination of Programs and Activities;
  5. Monitoring;
  6. Results-Based Performance Measurement and Reporting;
  7. Management of Contribution Programs;
  8. Financial Management; and
  9. Communications.

This review was limited to the above mentioned management practice areas, and did not include any assessment of decisions made by the independent adjudicators

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The IRSAS MPR examined management practices within the Adjudication Secretariat and included site visits within the National Capital Region and the Regina regional office.

A site visit to the Regina regional office was conducted by Audit and Assurance Services Branch in December 2009.

Interviews were conducted with representatives from the Secretariat management, as well as representatives from INAC Human Resources.

Testing was conducted on a sample of the following types of transactions:

Sampled transactions were selected on a judgemental basis based on transactions listings provided by IRSAS.

The objectives of the testing procedures completed were to review whether:

Structure and content outline of the MPR report

For each MPR area, we provide our:

Audit and Assurance Services Branch conducted test of a sample of transactions in the MPR areas of Human Resources, Management of Contribution Program and Financial Management. The results of this testing is included at the end of each MPR section and we have provided a summary at the end of this report.

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Strategic and Operational Planning


1.  IRSAS has a documented mandate.

The stated mandate of the IRSAS is to "administer the court approved Independent Assessment Process (IAP) in accordance with the Settlement Agreement under the direction of the Chief Adjudicator".

The Adjudication Secretariat's mandate is defined in a number of documents including the Draft Strategic Plan 2008-2013 (January 2009) and Draft Operational Plan 2009-2011 (February 2009). We discussed the fact that these documents remain in "draft" with management and reasons why these have not been finalized are largely due to the fact that management was required to deal with a number of other priority issues, including staffing and implementing and refining procedures to process claims.

The Draft Strategic Plan and Draft Operational Plan identified objectives, priorities and performance measures aligned to the IRSAS mandate.

2.  The IRSAS mandate has been communicated across the Adjudication Secretariat.

The Adjudication Secretariat has completed a process to develop and communicate both strategic and operational plans, specifically, the Draft Strategic Plan and Draft Operational Plan have been communicated across the Adjudication Secretariat.

The Quarterly Report to the INAC Deputy Minister is the primary mechanism to communicate and report on IRSAS results to government. The Chief Adjudicator provides a detailed report to the courts on a quarterly basis.

The Quarterly Report (Q2 FY 2009-10) is aligned to both the IRSAS Draft Strategic Plan and Operational Plan wherein it reports on IRSAS strategic & operational objectives, priorities, and results in relation to performance indicators, as well as risks and accountabilities.

3.  The Adjudication Secretariat's wind-down strategy is outlined in strategic and operational planning documentation.

Audit and Assurance Services Branch was provided with the IRSAS Integrated Business and Human Resources Plan and noted factors being considered by the Adjudication Secretariat as part of its wind-down strategy along with a wind-down framework.

In addition, the IRSAS Operational Plan discusses the Secretariat"s Winding Down Strategy (2012-13) and notes that the Secretariat is developing a wind-down strategy or an initial framework for winding down operations and activities for the IAP implementation by end of fiscal year 2012-13 as specified in the Settlement Agreement. The strategy will incorporate a number of actions including:

The Director of Operations has initiated preliminary discussions to transfer IRSAS to selected federal organizations in Regina once the mandate of IRSAS is complete.

Management plans on developing a more formal wind-down and plan. Management has indicated that this work will commence prior to March 31, 2010 with completion projected within the first 2 quarters of 2010/11.


1.  Strategic and operational plans have not been finalized or implemented to date.

The Adjudication Secretariat has drafted and communicated both strategic and operational plans. The Draft Strategic Plan 2008-2013 (September 10th, 2008) and the Operational Plan 2009-2011 (February 20th, 2009) are both in draft.

Management noted that the implementation of strategic and operational plans has been distracted by other operational priorities / challenges.


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Risk Management


1.  The Adjudication Secretariat uses a number of mechanisms to identify, monitor and report on risks.

Audit and Assurance Services Branch was provided with the following documents as examples of IRSAS risk management activities:

Based on the review of the above documents, we observed the following:

We were informed that bilateral meetings between the IRSAS Executive Director and functional directors occur on a bi-weekly basis and that these discussions consider risk.


1.  There is no common approach to risk management within the Adjudication Secretariat.

The approach to risk management within the Adjudication Secretariat is currently ad hoc and could be more formalized and integrated, i.e., an integrated risk management framework and monitoring strategy.

Examples noted:

  1. IRSAS managers indicated that there are different risk tolerances across the senior management group and senior management does not consider risk management in a structured manner. Management did state that risks are considered such as the lack of funding and HR support from INAC which are discussed frequently at senior management meetings and reported monthly in the context of the Financial Summary Report and the quarterly Swords report.

  2. Audit and Assurance Services Branch observed through the review of the Settlement Agreement risk registry that the alignment of the risks in the registry identified was not always consistent with those reported on in the Quarterly Reports (i.e., some risk registry items were discussed in the Quarterly Reports; however, most were not).


To promote more robust and consistent risk management, management should consider next steps to implementing integrated risk management. These would include: re-assessing risks; measuring likelihood and impact; ranking risks; setting desired results; developing options; selecting a strategy; implementing the strategy; and monitoring, evaluating and adjusting.

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Human Resources Management


1.  The Adjudication Secretariat has developed formal processes and procedures to communicate strategic and operational human resources management plans, objectives and initiatives.

Audit and Assurance Services Branch was provided with a number of documents which indicate the Adjudication Secretariat has formal mechanisms in place with which to develop and communicate strategic and operational HR plans, objectives, and initiatives. These include, among others:

Based on our review of the above documents, we observed:

2.  The Adjudication Secretariat has put in place processes to establish and support HR roles and responsibilities.

Audit and Assurance Services Branch was provided with a number of documents which set out IRSAS HR roles and responsibilities, as well as the Adjudication Secretariat's approaches to managing HR, including:

During the conduct of the MPR, Audit and Assurance Services Branch was provided with the following comments in relation to the above documents:


1.  The absence of clear roles, responsibilities and expectations (between IRSAS and INAC) with respect to human resources has created challenges for both parties.

During the conduct of the MPR, Audit and Assurance Services Branch met with both IRSAS and INAC HR representatives. Consensus comments from both parties have noted that since the incorporation of the IRSAS into INAC in 2008, HR has been an area that has caused difficulties and frustration for both parties.

From the point of view of IRSAS management:

IRSAS management in Regina noted some flaws in previous staffing actions and have undertaken reviews of these and concluded that there were indeed problems and have taken steps to address them to ensure they do not recur. Examples of problems noted include:

  • Potential conflict of interest (A direct report was included on the interview board for the direct report's manager's daughter); and

  • Failure to include or missing a required competency.

From the point of view of INAC HR:

It is our understanding that when IRS was re-integrated into INAC in June 2008, a Memorandum Of Understanding (MOU) was expected to be established between IRSAS and INAC HR to set out expected services standards and the resources to be transferred by IRSAS to cover HR service costs. However, a MOU was not established - this has contributed to a current state of unclear expectations and frustration for both IRSAS and INAC HR.

From the perspective of both IRSAS and INAC HR branch, the establishment of a MOU was identified as a timely quick win that could help to clarify and set expectations and create a better understanding of staffing service standards.

Management noted that they have prepared a staffing guide that is aimed at improving the HR staffing process. IRSAS management has initiated discussions with INAC HR and plan to implement the staffing guide prior to the end of the current fiscal year.


It is recommended that IRSAS management develop, in collaboration with INAC HR branch, a MOU to clearly establish service level expectations. This MOU should be put in place as quickly as possible in order to address current HR priorities.

We acknowledge IRSAS management efforts to develop a staffing guide and encourage this and any additional efforts such as a MOU to help improve the HR staffing process.

2.  Staffing capacity and performance issues are creating challenges to deliver operational results.

Based on the results of our work, we noted the following concerns and issues:

3.  IRSAS management has identified as areas of concern.

Issues encountered in the Regina regional office :

Proper procedures not followed in some HR staffing actions.


HR transactions testing results:

1.  Staffing actions:

We requested and obtained a listing of all current and past IRSAS employees and selected 5 files to review the authorizations and approvals for the staffing actions.

Based on the 5 files obtained, we observed the following:

2.  Overtime:

We requested and obtained year-to-date overtime summaries for the functional groups in the Regina office and selected a sample to examine if pre-approval to work overtime was granted by their supervisors.

We examined a total of 8 overtime transactions and found that:

During our testing we noted in the document, Record of Decision, that "Overtime capped at 08/09 levels". We requested a copy of a report that included the 2008/09 overtime amount but were unable to obtain such a report. This implies that management was not managing the amount of overtime for the current year 2009/10 against the 2008/09 level which was to be the maximum amount for the current period. The total provided on a December 16, 2009 report included $165,414.76 paid in overtime year to date but there is no corresponding report available for management to compare this amount to for the prior fiscal year. Management should be monitoring this amount against 2008/09, as required by the Record of Decision (effective April 1, 2009).


Management pre-approval should be granted (and documented) prior to OT being worked by employees. Documented evidence of management pre-approval to work OT hours should be attached to the OT form to demonstrate pre-approval in order to comply with the Record of Decision.

When requesting employees to work overtime, management should set clear expectations for hours to be worked and/or activities to be performed / production levels to be achieved during OT hours to support:

Management should examine the working arrangements for employees who are both on compressed work weeks and working overtime, to consider if the compressed work schedule remains appropriate.

3.  Annual Leave:

Audit and Assurance Services Branch obtained a leave transaction listing from PeopleSoft and selected a sample of 5 annual leave transactions to determine if leave was pre-approved prior to the leave being taken.

Based on the 5 annual leave transactions selected, we observed that pre-approval was evidenced in 3 of the 5 selected leave transactions.

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Coordination of Programs and Activities


1.  The Adjudication Secretariat is working towards improving the delivery of the IAP.

Audit and Assurance Services Branch was provided with documented flowcharts documenting the activities and key decision points across the Independent Assessment Process (IAP).

IRSAS management is aware of the process issues that exist, such as, claimant processing bottlenecks and invoice payment backlogs and has identified and reported these to Treasury Board with mitigation plans identified in the Quarterly Report.

IRSAS management has recently commissioned a consultant business process improvement study on the post-hearings process with the objective to describe the current as-is state in order to flag business process issues and opportunities for improvement.

IRSAS management and supervisors hold weekly meetings to discuss operational matters.

We observed the following discussion topics based on the review of minutes from these meetings:


1.  The Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA) sets two clear expectations:

Management stated that the Secretariat is currently meeting these two expectations however many files are not "hearing-ready" within 9 months of admission and the Secretariat made a decision to reduce the annual hearing target from 4,000 to 3,000.


Management should continue to work with claimant counsel, provinces and territories to accelerate the rate at which files can be made hearing-ready.

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The Adjudication Secretariat has put in place mechanisms to monitor operational results.

Audit and Assurance Services Branch was provided with numerous reports used by IRSAS to monitor its internal operating environment. The objective of these reports is to assist management to flag both operational and delivery issues in a timely manner and are produced on a daily, weekly and bi-weekly basis.

A new report has been implemented to summarize monthly results achieved by Case Management, Hearings Management, Scheduling and the Chief Adjudicator's office. The report includes a variety of metrics including:


The SADRE (Single Access to Dispute Resolution Enterprise) system is not meeting functional information and reporting requirements.


IRSAS management should consider the continued rationale and value to IRSAS of using SADRE as a management tool. Consideration should include the need for training of staff to help ensure data is input accurately and on a timely basis into the system.

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Results-Based Performance Measurement and Reporting


1.  The Adjudication Secretariat has established performance measures and uses a number of reporting mechanisms to communicate strategic and operational results.

Audit and Assurance Services Branch was provided with examples of internal and external reporting that IRSAS uses to report on operational performance, including:

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Management of Contribution Programs


1.  The Adjudication Secretariat is working with Group IAP claimants to meet Contribution Agreement requirements.

Under Group IAP, an individual claimant may receive up to $3,500 to assist with legal service costs of joining a larger claimant group.

Group IAP payments amount to approximately $500,000 annually.

The group Contribution Agreement sets out the terms of the payments and the payment schedule.

Based on interviews with IRSAS management, we understand there are no process differences between individual IAP and Group IAP.


1.  There are delays in processing payments for Group IAP.

Delays in approving and processing Group IAP payments create the risk of default on the Contribution Agreement payment schedule. Consequently, payment delays may cause delays for Group IAP recipients to undertake their healing activities.

Testing Results:

Group IAP:

Audit and Assurance Services Branch obtained the listing from FNITP (First Nations and Inuit Transfer Payments) system of all payments made to Group IAP recipients and selected 2 payments to review if authorizations (S.32) and approvals (S.34) were granted by a delegated authority.

We observed that in both instances, the Contribution Agreement (S.32) and (S.34) payment approval were signed by a delegated authority.

We also verified that the payment was made (S.33).

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Financial Management


1.  There is a defined process within the Adjudication Secretariat to prepare budgets and planned expenditures.

Our review of Annex L - Funding Pressures document identified the basis and justification for the IRSAS planned FY expenditures whereby plans are developed on the basis of expected FTE's as well as O&M forecasted based on historical average costs per hearings.

For FY 2009-10, planned salary expenditures of $13.4M were based on achieving 220 FTEs and O&M of $46.8M based on a production level of 4,000 hearings.

Within IRSAS, delegation of financial signing authority is limited to 4 individuals: Executive Director; Director of Strategic and Operational Planning; Director of Adjudication Management; and Director of Operations.

IRSAS, like many INAC branches uses a monthly Financial Summary Report (FSR) to report on its monthly financial status by authorities and activities, and to communicate any issues to the Department.

2.  The Adjudication Secretariat is managing hearings and other IAP activity cost drivers.

Audit and Assurance Services Branch was provided three examples of recent initiatives undertaken by IRSAS which demonstrate efforts to understand IAP cost drivers and a financial management plan to address identified operational challenges:


1.  Audit and Assurance Services Branch noted the following financial management issues:

There is a significant backlog (approximately 2,400 claimant expenses as at mid-December 2009) residing within Hearings Management. Such a backlog may result in the following:

We understand from subsequent discussions with management that this backlog has been resolved by a team from Ottawa who travelled to Regina to process the invoice backlog.

We understand that credit card statement reconciliation procedures are not being completed by Hearing Support Officers (HSO). We also understand that there is sharing of credit cards between HSOs in instances where a credit card issued to a HSO may have been revoked by the issuing company due to non-payment. In this case the HSO may request a credit card from a colleague to procure services for claimants.


Invoice backlog:

Management should consider ways to address the backlog that may include hiring additional staff, improved training for HSOs, etc. and ensure that such a backlog does not recur as year end is approaching and payables at year end (PAYE) must be accrued. This will be more difficult to complete if a backlog recurs.

Credit cards:

Reconcile credit card statements on a timely basis (monthly at a minimum); and

Do not allow the sharing of credit cards among HSOs. Management has stated that this practice is prohibited now.

Testing results:


Audit and Assurance Services Branch requested and obtained the OASIS listing of all payments made to IRSAS employees for travel expenses since April 1, 2009 and selected a sample of 5 transactions to examine if authorizations (S.32) and approvals (S.34) were granted in accordance with IRSAS delegation of signing authority.

We observed:


We obtained the sole hospitality expense for 2009 which was related to the April 2009 conflict resolution session in Regina. Hospitality expense included 3 items.

We observed:

Claimant expense reimbursement payments:

Audit and Assurance Services Branch obtained the listing from OASIS of payments made to IAP claimants and selected a sample of 6 payments to review authorization (S.32) and approval (S.34).

We observed:

External experts:

Audit and Assurance Services Branch obtained the listing from OASIS of payments made to external experts and selected a total 5 payments to review authorization (S.32) and approval (S.34).

We observed:

For all 5 claimant payments, S.34 was signed by an IRSAS delegated authority.

We also verified that the payments were made by verifying performance of S.33.

We also observed delays between the performance of S.32 and S.33 in 4 of the 5 instances where the delays ranged between 3 and 10 months. Management indicated a number of reasons that contributed to the delays including:

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1.  The Adjudication Secretariat has established formal communications policies and mechanisms to interact with its IAP stakeholders.

Audit and Assurance Services Branch was provided with examples of IRSAS communications documents, including:

There are a number of websites where stakeholders can obtain information, including the main IRSAS and IAP websites, in addition to links to the Settlement Agreement.

Formal management communications mechanisms are in place within IRSAS such as weekly senior management committee, Finance and Governance committee and HR committee meetings.

We reviewed minutes for the IRSAS Management, Supervisory, and Finance and Governance committees and observed that within each, there appears to be a proactive discussion by management on a variety of issues that create operational and delivery challenges for the Adjudication Secretariat, including:

We were also informed that the IRSAS Outreach Strategy was presented to and approved by the Oversight Committee in December 2009. The objective of the Outreach Strategy / Plan is to disseminate information to former students, individuals, communities or groups related to the IAP in as a clear a way as possible by leveraging partnerships and collaborating with community leaders and service providers.

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Transaction Testing Summary

The following is a summary of the results of Audit and Assurance Services Branch Transaction Testing
MPR Area Results Comments
Human Resources–Staffing Authorized approvals for Section 32 and 34 noted in all 5 sample items Audit and Assurance Services Branch was advised that in some cases management felt that staffing actions may not have been conducted appropriately.This is noted in this report for follow up as deemed necessary by Audit and Assurance Services Branch. Management has engaged the Public Service Commission to examine these cases in more detail.
Human Resources–Overtime Pre-approval for overtime was noted in only 2 of 8 sample items selected for testing. The 2 cases where pre-approval was in evidence the pre-approval was for only a portion of the OT actually worked Audit and Assurance Services Branch recommends that management tighten up the process for pre-approval of overtime and to monitor the OT worked more closely and in a more timely manner.
Human Resources–Annual Leave Pre-approved leave (vacation) was documented in only 2 of the 5 sample transactions selected Audit and Assurance Services Branch recommends that pre-approval of vacation leave be carried out and documented on a go forward basis.
Management of Contribution Program–Group IAP Appropriate authorizations noted in both sample items selected for testing. No additional comments to note.
Financial Management–Travel Appropriate authorization noted in all 5 sample transactions No additional comments to note.
Financial Management–Hospitality Out of the three sample transactions selected, one did not have section 34 documented. Audit and Assurance Services Branch recommends that management reinforce the importance of appropriate authorization of transactions.
Financial Management– Claimants Appropriate authorizations noted in all six sample items selected for testing. Audit and Assurance Services Branch did note significant delays between section 32 approval and section 33 payment. Delays noted ranged from 2 ½ to 4 ½ months. Audit and Assurance Services Branch recommends that management work to reduce these delays.
Financial Management– External Experts Appropriate authorizations were noted in 2 of 5 sample transactions. Section 32 was not in evidence for 3 of the 5 transactions. In two cases S.32 signed after the expenditure was incurred. In the third case S.32 was not in evidence. Audit and Assurance Services Branch recommends that management tighten up the internal controls with respect to Section 32 and Section 33 to reduce the delay in payments to external experts (delays noted ranged between 3 and 10 months).
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  1. Management noted that the reason for the freeze on hiring additional indeterminate staff was a decision of the Deputy Minister to manage the number of indeterminate positions that the Department, and more broadly the federal government, would have to absorb following the wind-down of the Adjudication Secretariat. (return to source paragraph)

  2. The initial expectation was to process 4,000 claims annually and has been revised to 3,000. (return to source paragraph)

  3. The services were provided but it was only after the supplier notified the Adjudication Secretariat for non-payment that the section 32 was provided after the fact in order to process the payment. (return to source paragraph)

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